Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalysis in psychology. He has published a book with the title The Interpretation of Dreams in 1900. According to Freud wish fulfillment is the foundation of all dreams.
Also the events of the day preceding the dream heavily influences the content of dreams. Many experts who are into dream interpreting rely on these theories formulated by Freud.
The influence of the unconscious self
According to Freud, dreams communicate a lot about an individual’s experiences and emotions. He is famous for having coined the statement that “dreams interpretation is the royal path to the discovery of the unconscious.”
In psychoanalysis, dream analysis is integral in uncovering the complexity behind neurotic disorders, more particularly hysteria. Dream analysis also leads the path towards a person’s unconscious.
In Freud’s book, The Interpretation of Dreams, he published his work involving his famous dream about Irma’s injection. Based on the discoveries of Freud, dreams are not entirely devoid of meaning, and that dreams actually comprise an unconscious activity, the depth of which can be analyzed completely.
The theory of dreams according to Freud
There are two important aspects on the theory of dreams, according to Sigmund Freud. Accordingly, dreams are the disguised fulfillment of wishes and that this wish is being repressed. Before Freud, all the other dream interpreters analyzed only the actual and obvious content of the dream, and not necessarily the probable reasons or the thoughts that bring about such dreams.
It was discovered by Freud that the manifest content of dreams should not be interpreted at face value; rather the thoughts which are associated with such dreams should also be taken into context.
Interpreting dreams therefore should not merely include the obvious and outward appearance of the dream but the thoughts which allow it to take shape as well.